Modern Slavery


In 2015, the Modern Slavery Act has become law. Read more about the Act by clicking here​


Modern slavery involves the movement or recruitment of individuals using threats, deception or other means for the purpose of exploitation.

It is not an issue confined to history or an issue that only exists in certain countries. It is a global problem and it is happening right now.

There is no typical victim of slavery – they can be men, women and children of all ages but it is normally more prevalent amongst the most vulnerable, minority or socially excluded groups.

Victims found in the UK come from many different countries, including Romania, Albania, Nigeria, Vietnam and the UK itself.


Over recent years, the UK has seen an increase in children and adults trafficked into the country for the purposes of:

•Sexual exploitation
•Labour exploitation
•Domestic servitude
•Criminal activities

Sexual exploitation

Victims are being forced into non-consensual or abusive sexual acts.

There are many signs to look out for, including the following:

·   Physical injuries

·   Evidence of physical abuse

·   Visible emotional distress

·  Someone who is uncommunicative, tense and fails to make eye contact

·  Signs of sexual abuse, and/or sexually transmitted diseases



Labour exploitation

Victims are being compelled to work long hours, often in hard conditions, and to hand the majority of their wages to traffickers.

There are many signs to look out for, including the following:

·         Evidence of sexual abuse and threats of violence

·         Excessive dependence on employers or third parties

·         Excessive working hours

·         Sub-standard living conditions

·         Wages being withheld or excessive wage reductions

·         Restriction of movement and confinement, to the workplace or to a limited area


Domestic servitude

Victims are being forced to work in private households, performing tasks such as childcare and housekeeping, over long hours for little pay.

There are many signs to look out for, including the following:


Poor living conditions - someone living in dirty, cramped or overcrowded accommodation, and/or living and working at the same address

·         Few or no personal effects - victims may have no identification documents, have few personal possessions and always wear the same clothes. What clothes they do wear may not be suitable for their work

·         Reluctance to seek help - victims may avoid eye-contact, appear frightened or hesitant to talk to strangers and fear police



Criminal activities

Victims are being forced to take part in criminal activities such as cannabis farming.

There are many signs to look out for, including the following:

·  Properties where the curtains or blinds are closed at a property all the time, a pungent smell is coming from the property, and there are visitors at unusual times day or night.





If you suspect slavery is happening to you or someone you know:

• Report it to the police by calling 101, or 999 if it's an emergency


• Call the Modern Slavery Helpline on 0800 0121 700

If you need help, you can also find more details by clicking here

Work for one of our partners? Click here for advice on Modern Slavery and Human Trafficking